Tuples

A tuple is a product of values.

A tuple is written with parentheses. For example, here is a 2-tuple (a pair) of an Int32 and a Bool:

(123, true)

The type of the tuple is (Int32, Bool).

We can destructure a tuple using pattern matching. For example:

let t = ("Lucky", "Luke", 42, true); // 4-tuple
let (fstName, lstName, age, male) = t;
lstName

evaluates to the string "Luke".

The Flix prelude defines the fst and snd functions:

let t = (1, 2);
let x = fst(t); // x = 1
let y = snd(t)  // y = 2

which are useful when working with 2-tuples (i.e. pairs). For example:

let l = (1, 1) :: (2, 2) :: Nil; // has type List[(Int32, Int32)]
List.map(fst, l)                 // has type List[Int32]

which evaluates to a list that contains all the first components of the list l.