Classes and Interfaces

Flix allows us to create objects that extend a Java class or implements a Java interface.

This feature is conceptually similar to Java's Anonymous Classes: We can define an (unnamed class) which implements an interface or extends a class and create an object of that class. All in one expression.

For example, we can create an object that implements the java.lang.Runnable interface:

import java.lang.Runnable

def newRunnable(): Runnable \ IO = new Runnable {
    def run(_this: Runnable): Unit \ IO = 
        println("I am running!")

Every time we call newRunnable we get a fresh object that implements java.lang.Runnable.

Note: The implicit this argument is always passed as the first argument in a new expression.

As another example, we can create an object that implements the interface:


def newClosable(): Closeable \ IO = new Closeable {
    def close(_this: Closeable): Unit \ IO = 
        println("I am closing!")

We can also extend classes. For example, we can create a java.lang.Object where we override the hashCode and toString methods:

def newObject(): Object \ IO = new Object {
    def hashCode(_this: Object): Int32 = 42
    def toString(_this: Object): String = "Hello World!"